Just had a long read at Launchpad about this. The cause is the kernel Ubuntu 17.10 ships with. I'm not sure Bodhi uses the same kernel version for Bodhi 4.4.0 or not.
Using the kernel version that caused the broken bios, can you post the outcome of the command
If this matches the default kernel for 4.4.0 we should do something about it, I don't want people holding us responsible for bricking their machines while we know this happens with a number of Lenovo , Acer and Toshiba models and some more having the same Uefi chip with Intel-spi firmware.
Seems like kernel version 4.13.0-21 does not show the braking behavior, so that should be a good alternative stable kernel.
For fixing the affected machines people should install kernel version 4.14.9 and reboot once or twice to get a working UEFI again. After that installing 4.13.0-21 and removing all other versions would be a good idea to have a stable situation again.
Alas this 4.14.9 version is not in the Xenial repos, might be a great service to put it in the Bodhi repos.