Just so you're aware, this enclosure is for the smaller 2.5 inch laptop drives, not the regular sized 3.5 inch desktop hard drives.
And as far as Solid state drives go, I only have experience with one 2.5 inch SSD. I used 'dd' to clone my Samsung HDD to my new Samsung SSD and it worked seamlessly when I put the SSD into my laptop. And I can assure you, it made a HUGE difference in the speed of my laptop. Love, love, love the SSD vs the HDD, and recommend it to anyone if you can make logical sense of spending the extra money on it.
If you have 2 hard drives that are the same size, I would clone the Windows hard drive to the other.
Next, when you're sure that your cloned Windows hard drive works, you now have an 'engineering' hard drive that you can play around with. (Because if things go horribly wrong, you always have that other hard drive as your safe backup.) Install Linux to it and give dual booting a try, or whatever you like. Having that backup will give you the confidence and peace of mind to experiment where otherwise your stomach would be turning over.
Then, when you get that 'engineering' drive where you like it, that can become your new baseline hard drive and you can create a clone of that as a backup. It's like climbing a ladder, one hard drive clone step at a time. Eventually your hard drive will be right where you like it and you'll have backups all the way. (Trust me it's good to have backups)
As far as an easy way to swap a hard drive, you can get a hard drive bay that mounts into your CPU chassis like where a DVD burner would go.
There are basically 2 types.
One is a 'garage' that requires a hard drive enclosure, kind of like this:
They both have their pro's and con's, it just depends on what you prefer. I would say the safer option for your hard drive is option 1. (less prone to static discharge and less likely to mess up the contacts on the hard drive) But, if you have multiple hard drives you'll probably want to buy multiple enclosures, which can get a little expensive.