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Charles@Bodhi

Member Since 23 Feb 2011
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#108454 how to change my password?

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on Yesterday, 09:51 PM

Well, the password part is easy, but Bodhi currently does not have a GUI for that so you need terminology.

passwd

After typing this command it will ask for your existing password,

Next it asks for the new password,

Next it asks you to confirm the new password.

Resulting in a friendly message that your password is updated.

 

In theory changing the username is also a simple command, BUT

After the change you need to change the name of your home folder using another command and you should realize that you probably have lots of stuff on your machine that refers to the old username and those don't get updated. Like bookmarks, just to name an example. Think about it. When you really want to do this there are nice methods though they involve some more then just a command in terminal.

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#108433 My Experience So Far

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 21 February 2018 - 01:29 PM

@ nomko & @ vvkozmenko

 

I get the feeling you are way off topic with your latest comments.

 

If you want to discuss this further please start a topic of your own in the Lounge section.

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#108386 Bodhi 4.5.0 Testing ISO Images

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 19 February 2018 - 09:30 PM

Legacy booted OK in VirtualBox 5.2.6. on my computer, so did the 64 bit. Have not installed the appack yet.

 

More serious testing is due for tomorrow and Wednesday. 

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#108343 Laptop Recommends?

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 18 February 2018 - 03:21 PM

Maybe you did not change anything. IIRC that was the kernel from Bodhi-4.2.0. Odds are that you just dist-upgraded to your current version of Bodhi without re-installing?

 

I hope an early Bodhi-4.5.0 will be released soon, having a kernel that wil not cause trouble with new installations on some uefi computers. I know, the freeze can be fixed (going through some extra CLI work not everybody is comfortable with), but nevertheless.

 

Enjoy,

Charles

 

Here is a link about this issue, including a list of computers known to be affected.




#108258 How do I make Bodhi look like a Mac? :)

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 13 February 2018 - 02:15 PM

In the menu file-roller is named Archive Manager.

When installed you can right-click in the file manager on an archive like zip or tar files and let it extract there.

 

Btw, a copy operation with sudo can also be performed by opening your file-manager in terminology with the esudo prefix like this:

esudo pcmanfm 

Enjoy,

Charles




#108111 Ignorance is not bliss, it's annoying...

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 05 February 2018 - 03:08 PM

Wikipedia, Richard Stallman

 

Well known as guest in Linux conferences around the world.

 

Enjoy,

Charles

 

PS. I have no opinion about this, but I remember the days I was like your trainee, except for the food leftovers and the stinky stuff. But I was way out of the office culture/dresscode that exists in accountancy.


  • Kev likes this


#107985 Swapping hard drives

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 24 January 2018 - 08:45 PM

Dual boot is safe to use and updating Windows or Linux causes no issues. The only thing to remember is that Linux respects Windows but Windows ignores Linux. Meaning you must do a Windows install before installing Linux. Doing it the other way your Linux gets ruined because Windows overwrites all. If you dual boot it might be a good idea to assign drive-letters in Windows to the partitions you have in use for Linux because Windows considers the linux partitions as empty space. Having drive-letters assigned makes Windows aware of the fact that those are partitions in use. In some updates Windows wants to make extra copies of bootloader stuff and things like that and therefor it creates small extra partitions, either in unallocated space or by shrinking an existing partition.

 

Just my two cents.

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#107854 Ubuntu corrupted BIOS?

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 10 January 2018 - 08:34 PM

For those interested, the Ubuntu folks have declared the latest 4.13.0 kernel is no longer qualified as "hwe-edge", but just "hwe", so it should be stable.

After apt-get update you can install linux-image-extra-4.13.0-26-generic and linux-headers-4.13.0-26-generic. It should also bring you two dependencies.

AFAIK this kernel does not have the Bios corruption, has a fix for the Spectre/Meltdown processorflaws and brings virtualization support.

 

 

As for fixing a "broken Bios" the summary at launchpad for this bug has a link to a more recent kernel made available that should work, give it a try. 

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#107846 Meltdown and Spectre

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 10 January 2018 - 07:45 PM

Well, these kernel packages were declared hwe (means "stable") in xenial, contrary to the 4.13.0-21 that has a hwe-edge (means "experimental") status. When you use synaptic you should find them after refreshing the package list.

linux-image-4.13.0-26-generic
linux-image-extra-4.13.0-26-generic

linux-headers-4.13.0-26
linux-headers-4.13.0-26-generic

Reading that link to the bottom I guess it means the Meltdown/Spectre fix is included, but I have not gotten a firm confirmation for this.

 

At Bodhi Linux we don't force kernel updates to the users, as we believe "don't fix what ain't broken". But if you like to have your kernels as up to date as possible then Ubuntu provides a package that checks for kernel updates regularly and uses the update application to install them for you. I'm not sure this works fully on Bodhi.

linux-generic-hwe-16.04

Hope this helps you enough.

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#107842 Bodhi Linux

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 10 January 2018 - 04:34 PM

Regarding 12,

 

CMIIW,

 

The default backend is Bodhi repo (b4main), forgot the exact url.

 

Bodhi default front end for Ubuntu Repo is eepdater, with Browser, back then Midori, as GUI, bridged using apturl-elm. ;)

 

Don't think this is correct. The back-end is dpkg, same as Ubuntu uses, with the terminal front-end apt or apt-get (preferred).

 

Some kind of front-end is the web based Appcenter with a small software collection that facilitates easy installing.

Eepdater is a gui to facilitate easy updating your system. Both the Appcenter and Eepdater use apt-get under the hood.

 

The Bodhi repository is just an addition to the Ubuntu repositories where we store our "own" developed/maintained packages. But that's not asked for in the question.

The second part of the question requires some searching the internet but that is what students are supposed to do. It is their homework, not ours. I'm always willing to give a helping hand, but not the "heavy labour". 

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#107815 Bodhibuilder to create an installation ISO

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 08 January 2018 - 01:45 PM

File # 3 is the iso as you would download for a distro and use to create a USB stick. 

File # 1 & 2 & 7 are used by the bodhibuilding proces and file # 6 is the log of the proces.

 

File # 4 & 5 contain the checksums you can use after a transfer or copy operation of the ISO, using md5sum or sha256sum.

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#107705 Ubuntu corrupted BIOS?

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 31 December 2017 - 09:10 PM

AFAIK It boils down to an Intel module called spi and the driver for it. Intel had noticed that this was flashed to ROM by vendors with one byte off, which likely would cause issues. So Intel had sent out a warning to not activate this driver in the kernel. In the vanilla 4.13.0 kernel it is set to disabled.

Ubuntu modifies their kernels to better suit their releases, nothing wrong with that. But then someone in the Ubuntu kernel team decided to set the spi-driver to enabled very short before the final release of 17.10. Now we all know that the module really causes issues! 

Bodhi Linux uses the ubuntu kernels and often chooses the kernel from the latest release for an update-release so we have the latest hardware support. Reading the OP our kernel has the same behavior as the 17.10 kernel. So please for now don't use it in UEFI mode for the time being. For what I gather installing in Legacy mode should be safe.

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#107698 New to Linux, installing on MacBook

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 31 December 2017 - 02:42 PM

OK, the Installer option "Something Else" needs some more explanation.
 
First off, this is in general meant for more experienced people, but reading your background I think you can do it.
 
When clicking the option a new slide appears that has an overview of all harddisks and their partitions. You will have options to modify, delete and add partitions. You may even decide to replace the Partition Table which means wiping the whole disk, something you don't want. So consider this a warning and be cautious.
A bit more about he filesystems. 
Apple has HFS * and most Linux OS use ext*. Installing Bodhi your best choice is ext4. 
How many partitions and for what purpose. 
Usually you will have two partitions, one for the system as a whole, including the users data, and a dedicated partition for SWAP. Why swap? It's a place on disk that offers fast access to RAM, in case it is loaded to the max. Further more it can be used when the machine is set to hybernation to store all what it needs on reboot. Personally I like to have a Swap parttion the size of my RAM, some want twice that size. Swap does not need to be formatted, it uses RAW data. You can however create much more partitions for several purposes, but I'm not that much in favor of that. The installer offers a list of options. The one you MUST have is a partition marked with a slash ' / ' that stands for the root of the system. Swap is chosen by telling it to use as ' linux swap '.
In your case I would delete the 50 GB partition you had created as FAT 32. The space is now seen as unallocated and free. Select that and choose "new" to make a partition with a size of ~45 GB and format it as ext4 and use it as / . Next create a partition in the remaining free space and assign that to Swap. Now you have the partitions the installer needs. 
Next you should notice a segment that is titled ' Device for bootloader installation '. Usually that is preset with /dev/sda. Leave it like that and don't choose a partition, the installer will find the right spot.
Once you have done all this you can click on ' Install Now '. An informational popup will appear about the actions that you need to confirm, or go back to the previous slide to make corrections or cancel.
About the bootloader.
We use Grub2 as bootloader application. Depending on the hardware and the Partition Table it will use either the MBR in the root of the harddrive or the dedicated bootpartition. For (U)EFI machines that would be the ESP where it would write an entry for ' ubuntu ', the distro we are based on. At boottime you should be greeted with a screen that gives you options into what OS you want to boot. At installation Grub will search the harddisk for bootable partitions and determine what OS's are present. AFAIK Mac would be recognized and shown on that first screen. Anyway, Bodhi will be shown on top and will autoboot after 5? seconds unless you arrow down to another line. It then waits for you to hit Enter. 
 
Hope this helps you enough for now.
 
Enjoy,
Charles



#107667 Ubuntu corrupted BIOS?

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 27 December 2017 - 10:09 PM

Well, there were no older thinkpads mentioned as affected machines, only a Yoga Thinkpad. I thought that had a touchscreen.

Your laptops are probably sound and safe.

The 4.13 kernel was only introduced in Bodhi Linux with the 4.4.0 release and I doubt the earlier releases were having a buggy kernel.

 

Enjoy,

Charles




#107664 Ubuntu corrupted BIOS?

Posted by Charles@Bodhi on 27 December 2017 - 09:10 PM

On an affected machine you should look closely as to what is to be updated. If it is related to the bootloader don't do it (Grub & efi packages & signed stuff). Has to do with the fact that the uefi returns to an old state because of the bug, but grub is updated and that causes conflicts.

 

Possibly you will need to install the linux-headers for the 4.14.9 kernel too in order to have it working.

 

Enjoy,

Charles