I finally got to a Windows machine and used Rufus. It required Syslinux 6.02(?) to put the iso on the drive properly. After burning it, I did try it to see if it worked. I was greeted with a 4.2 livecd running. It seems the other burning options fail with the Syslinux bit.
When you install via synatpic or apt-get, deb files 'should' pull in all required libs(libraries) and any other files. You can use qt based applications too. Just realize you will pull in a whole batch of other things, if you haven't installed something already that requires the the extra files to run. By all means go ahead and select the app you want. See how many extra files are pulled in when you choose it.
Wholly unrelated, sort of. A guy at church has a Prusa i3 3d printer and he updated Cura, software to generate gcode for the printer. The software update actually got rid of or completely ignored his earlier config settings. Long story short, I wonder if a software update either got rid of or completely ignored your old config settings for your printer.
Lacking wifi linda will have a heck of a time sudo apt-get(ting) anything. I would think knowing the particular nic and driver would be a bonus before booting the livecd again. I have a bodhi 3.2 livecd on one of my flash drives and had chntpw.deb file in root so I could edit old windows passwords in to oblivion. It saved me from having to download the file every time.
The first one tells you all kinds of information about your processor. Most importantly what make and model it is. It will not tell you what frequency it runs at. My AMD processor is only listed as a make and model without the speed being listed. The second line will list specifically how much RAM is in your system in kB. You could leave off everything following the pipe | and get a whole different list of memory info about your system. Most would likely make your eyes glaze over.
Your issue with the lshw -c p.e. network was that p.e. is not part of the class name. Just type lshw -c network or lshw -c memory or ...
I believe name-of-class should have been used after lshw -short and name of class should be replaced with memory cpu etc.
Edit: Just ran lshw -short and the list comes up in 4 columns; H/W path, Device, Class, Description. After that I ran lshw -c processor and was given a more detailed response about my processor. In both cases the system will complain that maybe the command should be run with root/sudo privileges. For your basic info, you don't need sudo/root.
I am surprised that cat /proc/cpuinfo didn't work.
You guessed correctly on the ~ it is shorthand in the CLI for /home/yourusername in your case it is shorthand for /home/zen. If you cd /usr and then cd ~ you will return home. As it goes, you can simply type cd and hit enter and return home as well. But, that is a whole different can of worms. There is a guy named Joe Collins on youtube that has a whole batch of beginner-esque videos including making use of the CLI.
mkdir and rmdir you already understand. mv is more of a Cut and Paste. It can also be used as a rename. Sometimes I use mv to just rename a config file or folder so that when the updated file is created or swapped in, I have the old version in case something is broken in the new version. It would look like mv my.conf my.conf.old. That way no worries. Worst case I have to boot a livecd and swap the files to get my system working again.
I confess that sed is a command I have seen a number of times and yet have no clue what it really does. I know it has a second cousin thrice removed called awk. I am similarly clueless. In either case man sed could be your friend if you didn't have access to the internet.
I am sure there is a way to rid yourself of that folder. As I recall, the earlier versions of bodhi didn't have nearly as many folders to start with as we have now. Somewhere there is a default profile or some such that says the user should have "this".