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Member Since 10 Aug 2017
Offline Last Active Dec 19 2017 07:26 PM

Topics I've Started

Live-cd mode - how to change keyboard layout?

18 December 2017 - 09:49 PM



Sitting here and tries to install Bodhi on an semi old Dell Latitude D620, and figured when Install (using "something else") I just cannot enter forward slash. Yes I'll find the correct key eventually, but - How do I change keyboard layout.


After a search on the net I got two answer:



This one here tell me that I need to add a keyboard shortcut to get to that dialog box. No - I intend to do this only once after install.



It says:


Go to Main menu > Settings > All > Input > Keyboard to open the Keyboard Settings dialog box

The problem here is that there is no submenu called "All".

Question about fstab - move var and tmp to separate folders different disk

17 December 2017 - 01:09 PM



Background - can skip this, it may be boring:

So I have been given an very old Fuijitsu Siemens server that was ment to be scrapped. That thing was probably made in 1999 or maybe earlier as it have an P3 CPU. The point with this pc is to use it as a test rig - just because it is more fun to test on an actual machine rather than on a virtual one. Another thing is that CPU have no support of SSE2, so whenever I try to use Midori to post on forum, it crashes after just a few minutes and before I can write the post and send it. This is written on another computer therefore. Have another computer that also have a CPU (AMD Athlon XP 2000+) without SSE2 support, where Midori act the very same way so that is why I assume it must be a SSE2 problem. None of this is relevant to the original problem, but I just write this so you folks know it something bad happens with the Linux installation, there is no harm done.



To the issue:

I have installed three HDD into the computer. The boot drive is a 60GB drive. It is partitioned something like this:

800 MB /boot

9000 MB /

8000 MB / home

2000 MB swap

The rest: an old NTFS partition hangs from the Windows XP days. It just have survived some previous tests (just a bounch of installations going bad because not many distros actually accept this old HW).


Then I have two 2GB HDD that I have formatted as Btrfs as - I think it's called "bucket" or something, the same as MS called "spanned drives", so it's not actually RAID, but the final size of the usable volume adds up to 4GB here.

I have run the chmod command to let anyone have full access to the volume, and I have also prior to that run chown so I'm the owner of the volume.


Then I have created two folders on the Btrfs root: systmp and sysvar. The goal here is to mount those folders as /var and /tmp.


Current output from blkid command:

/dev/sda3: LABEL="lagra" UUID="3EF4F2736F1F3E35" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c192987b-03"
/dev/sda5: UUID="dcd834a7-bc03-4ee5-853e-deebfdd5c592" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c192987b-05"
/dev/sda6: UUID="2b4c4357-05e1-4454-9708-10684b65f00e" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c192987b-06"
/dev/sda7: UUID="9ad6a564-eb44-43e4-a83a-279d66ef8669" UUID_SUB="5976254e-794e-435b-bf17-0f3d578bd593" TYPE="btrfs" PARTUUID="c192987b-07"
/dev/sda8: UUID="1c891396-7412-4eb3-ac8c-bd48ed2eb09b" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="c192987b-08"
/dev/sdc: UUID="ae9561d2-155d-4b74-a499-229bdad0ea13" UUID_SUB="92d3b3c5-c6e9-499e-8df5-ab13a0732cc8" TYPE="btrfs"
/dev/sdb: UUID="ae9561d2-155d-4b74-a499-229bdad0ea13" UUID_SUB="0ddb800f-6051-476d-906e-68363a6b1f57" TYPE="btrfs"
/dev/sdd1: LABEL="K_CLAS" UUID="9C66-CCD5" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="4cf11113-01"

So I tried to read about fstab, but I cannot find documentation for mounting in folders, only mounting /var and /tmp on wholde partitions.


Therefore I had a guess - so I tried to di this in fstab:

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda6 during installation
UUID=2b4c4357-05e1-4454-9708-10684b65f00e /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=dcd834a7-bc03-4ee5-853e-deebfdd5c592 /boot           ext4    defaults        0       2
# /home was on /dev/sda7 during installation
UUID=9ad6a564-eb44-43e4-a83a-279d66ef8669 /home           btrfs   defaults,subvol=@home 0       2
# swap was on /dev/sda8 during installation
UUID=1c891396-7412-4eb3-ac8c-bd48ed2eb09b none            swap    sw              0       0

# 17. desember 2017 - sdb og sdc
# /dev/sdb/systmp/     /tmp           btrfs   defaults,subvol=@tmp 0       2

# /dev/sdb/sysvar/       /var            btrfs   defaults,subvol=@var 0       2

As you can see, the bottom lines is commenting out - simly because it wouldn't work. Managed to do that using single user mode (was thrown there as the system wouldn't boot into desktop) and using Nano.


So here is the things I need answer for to get further and hopefully get this to work:

* The pointer to /dev/sdb/systmp/ might not work like that in fstab. What does work? UUID - but can that be mixed up and combined with folder names?

* The subvol=@tmp parameter is unknown to me. I found that it is done in similar way for /home (that line is not touched by me) so I guessed that it should be that way. Have no idea what it does.

* May there be a problem that - if the mounting in fstab actually work - the /var and /tmp folders is empty? Could that be a reason why Linux Bodhi won't boot into desktop?

Running Live-CD on a Toshiba Satellite gives error

21 August 2017 - 10:37 PM



Before the desktop is supposed to appear, I get a forever loooping error (about a dosen lines) that have a lot of numbers followed by:

[  271.916615] [drm:i9xx_check_fifo_underruns] *ERROR* pipe B underrun


The lines doesn't stay long enough on screen so I get the chance to write down the full error lines.

Also, since I never get to the desktop I cannot run any commands to get the hardware specs.


Try to boot and choose xforcevesa mode, see if that changes anything.

Goes like: First appears something that looks like severe screen tearing. Then a blinking marker at upper left corner. Long pause - new white sreen that looks completely messed up. Not close to look like nothing.

That is the best way I can describe it. Cannot read any symbols or possible error messages.


What I can say - I just installed Salix Fluxbox 14.1 and I can tell for sure that the computer works.


How to add shortcut to terminal to menu / desktop

20 August 2017 - 05:42 PM



I want to like to know how to add a shortcut to terminal to the menu - the one that appear when left-click on desktop.


Also, I would like to know how to add a shortcut to a folder to desktop. Would like to have a terminology icon on desktop if possible.


I just couldn't figure out how to do this in Bodhi.




Browse/open/view/save webp images

14 August 2017 - 09:26 PM



The last two years since I discovered the webp file format, I have taken many of those less important images in my photo album and converted them from jpg to webp because it may ocupy only a fraction of disk space.


After I began to install Linux on my computers, the one big problem seems to be that no programs that offer browsing through images, support webp file format.


I have read somewhere in the past that it should exist an extension/plugin for Gimp so that is capable to read and save webp images, but so far I cannot find it.



Any ideas how to solve this (so I don't have to stuck with windows)